JAWS 9 in Vista and more on Free Open Source AT
As I wrote in my first article about the JAWS 9.0 beta, I think it is very good and even excellent in some places. As I also wrote in that article, JAWS 9.0 is light on new features and even lighter on innovation. JAWS works better in parts of
Because of my repetitive stress injuries, though, I had to switch to System Access to write this blog entry because JAWS, in its out-of-the-box form, still does not support
For the most part, though, JAWS 9.0 is a big step up from 8.xx as its performance has increased noticeably and there are fewer really nagging bugs.
As I have written before, I do not think that it is fair that the most expensive screen reader on the market relies on volunteers to create the configurations and scripts for applications that fall outside the 90% rule. On the other side of the coin, though, JAWS does work out-of-the-box with more programs and, unlike their competition, the ability to modify JAWS outside of FS puts a lot of power in the hands of the more nerdly inclined.
The three (or is it four) projects I currently work on will release their entire software open source under GPL. Matt Campbell wrote an excellent comment the other day when I did an item on free (as in freedom with a lower case “f”) software. Matt makes some very valid points but I think the following items express a number of reasons why AT should move to an open source model:
· While Matt suggests that a free screen reader will only increase the sense of entitlement that many blinks already have, I counter with: if a sighted person goes to Best Buy, purchases a new PC, brings it home, attaches various cables and such, turns it on and after the OS installation and registration nonsense completes, do they feel “especially entitled” because they can use it without plunking down $500 for System Access or more for its competitors? Following the civil rights argument, would a restaurant be considered integrated if they let minorities in but charged an extra $10 for every $3-4 item on the menu when serving black customers? Why then should blinks have to pay all the extra cash just to use what our sighted friends get for free?
· Screen readers, by their very nature, cause a lot of security problems (orca and VoiceOver may not as I haven’t explored how they gather data beyond the API. At an ATIA sponsored AT/IT meeting a number of years ago, Madelyn Bryant McIntyre (then Director of MS ATG) and I brought a number of these issues to the table.
· If a screen reader can function at the Windows login prompt, it can alsostore your user name and password and send it off to some nefarious hacker to use later. Not coincidentally, a screen reader can read what you type into a user name and password field on a web page which may store your credit card information. An open source solution can give organizations (government agencies and such) a way to look at the code and ensure that no one built in a back door.
· In the past (this may no longer be true) some screen readers found ways to hack the Windows kernel without causing the OS to pop up a warning message. This not only created a security hole, it prevented the user of being warned about it.
· Many people in developing countries believe the best screen reader available is JAWS in its 40 minute mode. Thus, no matter their task, they save their work and reboot every forty minutes. To people who only earn 500 dollars per month in technology jobs, purchasing a full featured screen reader is out of the question.
· Unless the software is open source, adding languages not determined to be profitable by the vendors of proprietary screen readers, is impossible. Just take a look at the rather long lists of languages supported by orca and NVDA.
There are far more reasons for doing things under GPL, open source and leveraging massive collaboration than I can think of at this moment. I will renew my JAWS SMA and continue to use it while working on GPL solutions for myself and the rest of our community to use.